Effect of crystal orientation on the size effects of nano-scale fcc metals
M Bagheripoor and R Klassen, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 36, 1829-1850 (2020).
The present work investigates the dominant mechanisms in the plasticity of nano-sized fcc metallic samples. Molecular dynamics simulations of nanopillar compression show that plasticity always starts with the nucleation of dislocations at the free surface, and the crystal orientation affects the subsequent microstructural evolution. The Schmid factor of leading and trailing partials plays a decisive role in leading to the twinning, or slip deformation. A significant difference is observed in the strength of pillars of the same size with different orientations. The power-law equation exponent is completely dependent on the crystal orientations, and a weak or no size effect is observed in the compression of 100- and 110-oriented nanopillars. The observed orientation based behaviour decreases by confining the free surface.
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