Evaluating diffusion and the thermodynamic factor for binary ionic mixtures
D Rosenberger and N Lubbers and TC Germann, PHYSICS OF PLASMAS, 27, 102705 (2020).
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are a powerful tool for the calculation of transport properties in mixtures. Not only are MD simulations capable of treating multicomponent systems, they are also applicable over a wide range of temperatures and densities. In plasma physics, this is particularly important for applications such as inertial confinement fusion. While many studies have focused on the effect of plasma coupling on transport properties, here we focus on the effects of mixing. We compute the thermodynamic factor, a measure of ideal/non-ideal mixing, for three binary ionic mixtures. We consider mixtures of hydrogen and carbon, hydrogen and argon, and argon and carbon, each at 500 randomly generated state points in the warm dense matter and plasma regimes. The calculated thermodynamic factors indicate different mixing behavior across phase space, which can significantly affect the corresponding mutual diffusion coefficients. As MD simulations are still computationally expensive, we apply modern data science tools to predict the thermodynamic factor over a large phase space. Further, we propose a more accurate approximation to the mutual diffusion coefficient than the commonly applied Darken relation.
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