The origin of passivity in aluminum-manganese solid solutions
J Chen and JW Xiao and J Poplawsky and FM Michel and C Deng and WJ Cai, CORROSION SCIENCE, 173, 108749 (2020).
The effects of manganese on the aqueous corrosion of aluminum-manganese alloys were investigated by experiments and atomistic simulations. Electrochemical measurements, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and atom probe tomography analysis indicate that manganese addition enhanced the corrosion resistance of aluminum without participating in the surface oxidation. The selective dissolution of manganese was believed to increase the free volume at the metal/oxide interface to facilitate the formation of a denser, thinner oxide layer with closer to stoichiometry composition. Atomistic simulations showed that the oxide layer compactness increased, and defect density decreased with increasing free volume content in Al, resulting in enhanced barrier characteristics.
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