Theoretical study of post-shock stress relaxation and shock wave deformation around a pore in single and poly-crystalline alpha-RDX
Y Long and J Chen, MODELLING AND SIMULATION IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 28, 055003 (2020).
The mechanical properties and shock dynamics of alpha- hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (alpha-RDX) are simulated by molecular dynamics (MD). Based on the simulation results, the equation of state, Hugoniot curve and isoentropic curve for alpha-RDX are calculated, and the microscopic structure of shock wave is investigated, including the wave profile and the shock front deformation. First, we prove that the shock wave profile is determined by the viscoelastic equation of alpha-RDX, and develop a method to inverse the viscoelastic coefficients from the velocity profile calculated by MD. Two stress relaxation mechanisms are obtained: the boundary scattering and molecular rotation. The boundary scattering mechanism shows that the damping time of stress relaxation is determined by the particle size of polycrystal. Second, we find that the pore collapse induces rarefaction wave after the shock front. The rarefaction wave function is evaluated by using the Riemann invariant method, and the shock front deformation is derived from the superposition rule of shock wave and rarefaction wave. A physical picture to describe the nanoscale pore collapse process for alpha-RDX is obtained.
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